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Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking

The Tsum Valley is located in the northern part of Manaslu on the Nepal-Tibet border and it is  also known as the hidden valley. The valley is blessed with many monasteries & hamlets with great amounts of Tibetan inhabitants and used to be a restricted area up until 2008. The area is heavily influenced by Buddhist religion.  Traditionally, Tsum used to be a separate area different from Nepal or Tibet. If compared to other tourist areas, the valley of Tsum region is less exposed to the outside world, so plenty of off-the-beaten paths. The Tsum Valley and Manaslu region is beautified by great mountains, passes, deep gorges, hamlets, age-old monasteries, Chortens and Mani Walls. The trekking goes way past majestic peaks like Ganesh Himal, Sringi Himal, Boudha Himal ranges.

The trek starts with drive to Arughat and further driving up to Soti Khola. The trail tackles the Manaslu region initially then moves towards Tsum Valley exploring Budi Gandaki Valley passing thru mixed forest, terraced fields, mountain settlements. As the trek leaves the main Manaslu trail towards Tsum, a feeling of entering into hidden valley suddenly arises. Many alpine forests, glacial rivers greets you en-route along with enjoying the warm hospitality of the locals. The trek also involves visiting ancient Buddhist monasteries of the region including Rachen Gompa, Mu Gompa among others.

Trip Highlights

  • Sightseeing at the UNESCO Word’s Heritage sites
  • Hike past gushing rivers, green countryside, alpine meadows, valleys, glaciers
  • Majestic view of Mt. Manaslu (8163m) including Himalchuli (7,893m), Shringi Himal (7,187m), Ngadichuli (7,871m)
  • Varieties of floras & faunas  while walking  by remote Manaslu conservation area
  • Crossing the impressive Himalayan pass - Larkya La Pass at 5,213 metes
  • Visit ancient monasteries & remote villages
  • Getting along with ethnic people and their culture

Outline Itinerary

Day 01 : Arrive in Kathmandu

Day 02 : Kathmandu Sightseeing and trek preparation

Day 03 : Drive to Soti Khola (710m) via Arughat (695m) 8-9 hrs drive

Day 04 : Soti Khola to Macha Khola (900m) 5-6 hrs

Day 05 : Macha Khola to Jagat (1410m) 6 hrs

Day 06 : Jagat to Philim (1590m) 3 hrs

Day 07 : Philim to Chumling (2363m) 6-7 hrs

Day 08 : Chumling to Chokhangparo (3010m) 5-6 hrs

Day 09 : Chokhangparo to Nile (3361m) 6-7 hrs

Day 10 : Nile to Mu Gompa (3700m) 3 hrs

Day 11 : Explore around Mu Gompa (3700m)

Day 12 : Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa (3240m) 6 hrs

Day 13 : Rachen Gompa to Chumje (3230m) 5-6 hrs

Day 14 : Chumje to Bihi (3130m) 4-5 hrs

Day 15 : Bihi to Namrung (2540m) 6 hrs

Day 16 : Namrung to Lho (3180m) 4 hrs

Day 17 : Lho to Samagaon (3530m) 5-6 hrs

Day 18 : Rest Day at Samagoan (3530m)

Day 19 : Samagaon to Samdo (3860m) 4-5 hrs

Day 20 : Samdo to Dharmashala 5-6 hrs

Day 21 : Dharmashala to Bimthang (3890m) via Larkya La Pass (5213m)

Day 22 : Bimthang to Dharapani (1860m) 6-7 hrs

Day 23 : Drive Dharapani to Besisahar (1100m) 7 hrs

Day 24 : Drive from Besisahar to Kathmandu (1330m) 7-8 hrs

Day 25 : Transfer to airport for your onward destination

What is Included

  • Airport transfers by private vehicle as per the itinerary.
  • Accommodation in Kathmandu including breakfast as per the itinerary.
  • Kathmandu city tours including all entry fees, tour guide and private vehicle.
  • Transportations from Kathmandu to Arughat and Besisahar to Kathmandu by private vehicle.
  • Arughat to Soti Khola by local jeep.
  • Full board meals (breakfast, lunch and dinner) during the trek.
  • Best available twin sharing lodge to lodge accommodation during the trek.
  • Highly experienced, helpful and friendly Government licensed guide, porter (1 porter for 2 people) and their food, accommodation, transportation, salary, equipment, and accidental insurance for all staff.
  • Duffle bag, down jacket and sleeping bag during the trek.
  • First aid medical kit.
  • Manaslu & Tsum trekking special permit fee.
  • Annapurna and Manaslu conservation area permits fee.
  • TIMS Fee - Trekkers' Information Management System (Please bring 2 passport size photos for permit)
  • Government taxes & service charge.
  • Breakfree Adventures T - shirt, trekking map and trip achievement certificate.

What is Not Included

  • Lunch and Dinner in Kathmandu.
  • Monuments entrance fees while sightseeing in Kathmandu.
  • Extra night accommodation in Kathmandu if needed.
  • Nepal entry visa fee (bring accurate USD cash and two passport photographs for faster service).
  • International airfare and travel insurance.
  • Personal expenses (phone calls, internet, laundry, bar bills, battery recharge, hot shower etc.)
  • Any kind of drinks (tea/coffee, hot chocolate, boiled water, bottle water, cola, beer etc.)
  • Tips for guide and porters (Tipping are expected but not mandatory)

Day 01 : Arrive in Kathmandu

After landing at the Tribhuvan International Airport in Kathmandu from your designated destinations, you will be received by a representative of the travel company at the arrival gate who will then transfer you to you allotted hotels.  If the time persists, you can either visit the city or relax at the hotel to overcome your jet lag. O/N at Hotel.

Day 02 : Kathmandu Sightseeing and trek preparation

The Kathmandu sightseeing trip will begin in the morning. After breakfast, you will be taken towards Kathmandu Durbar (Palace) Square, one of the heritage sites where you can view many historical and cultural monuments. Later, you will visit another heritage site known as Pashupatinath Temple. This is a sacred Hindu Temple of Lord Shiva named which is always crowded by Hindu pilgrims. After lunch, visit to Buddhist pilgrimage Swoyambhunath (famous by the name of Monkey temple among tourists) will be carried forward. Likewise, Boudhanath Shrine will be covered by the evening.  After concluding the sightseeing, there will be seminar for you to attend to discuss about the upcoming trekking plans. O/N at Hotel.

Day 03 : Drive to Soti Khola (710m) via Arughat (695m) 8-9 hrs drive

Early in the morning after breakfast, drive begins from Kathmandu to Arughat which takes about 8 hours. The road from Kathmandu to Dhading Besi is a smooth drive for 4 hours and another 4 hours from Dhading Besi to Arughat is a rough road. Upon reaching Arughat, further drive of about 1.5 hours will arrive at Soti Khola. O/N at Lodge.

Day 04 : Soti Khola to Macha Khola (900m) 5-6 hrs

After breakfast, the first day of the trek commences following a trail with constant ups & downs. Then it goes thru forest and continues upstream alongside Budhi Gandaki River. You will then descend to a wide sandy riverbed and continue along the winding mountain trail looking beyond the river till reaching Machha Khola. O/N at Lodge.

Day 05 : Macha Khola to Jagat (1410m) 6 hrs

Today the trail crosses the Machha Khola and Khorla Besi then pass thru the hot springs of Tatopani. You will then follow a forest until crossing the Dovan Khola and make your way to Budhi Gandaki Valley. The landscapes gradually changes as the elevation increases undergoing a complete transformation. White sandy beaches can be seen at the riverside. O/N at Lodge.

Day 06 : Jagat to Philim (1590m) 3 hrs

This day is going to be a fun day as it’s the shortest trekking day. Just hike for about 3 hours and you will reach Philim. Start the trek with the early section going gently uphill then following a leveled path. The trail then crosses a suspension bridge over Budhi Gandaki before entering Philim. Philim is a big village primarily inhabited by Gurung community. O/N at Lodge.

Day 07 : Philim to Chumling (2363m) 6-7 hrs

The trail heads north thru dense forests witnessing scenic mountain views. After hiking for about 6-7 hours, you will reach the village of Chumling. In Chumling, visit the Chumling Gompa, one of the oldest monasteries in Chumling village. O/N at Lodge.

Day 08 : Chumling to Chokhangparo (3010m) 5-6 hrs

The trail crosses a suspension onto the opposite bank. Keep on walking enjoying spectacular view of Ganesh Himal. Then you will walk past Rainjam to Serpu Khola crossing another bridge to arrive at the village of Gho. Chhokang Paro can be reached after climbing for about 2 hours from here. If the weather is clear you can enjoy good views of Ganesh Himal and Himalchuli. O/N at Lodge.

Day 09 : Chokhangparo to Nile (3361m) 6-7 hrs

After breakfast, continue trek with climbing above Chhokang Paro; at this point you have to be careful with the altitude problems. The trail passes Lama Gaon crossing suspension bridge to Rachen Gompa which is also known as Nunnery Gompa. Visit the gompa then cross the Shiar Khola. Continue walking through the well managed villages Lar (micro hydro power), Phurbe and Pangdun. En-route you will encounter a old historic Buddha Stupa of Buddha in a way crossing the Chhule Village. The trail then climbs upstream and crosses a bridge to finally arrive at Nile. At Nile, you wish we can visit the popular monastery of Chhule located at the top. O/N at Lodge.

Day 10 : Nile to Mu Gompa (3700m) 3 hrs

The trekking now reaches almost to the Tibetan border. The trail follows the west bank of the valley thru the Tibetan landscapes and climbs towards the Mu Gompa. Mu Gompa is home to a very old monastery. This trail is a trade route to and from Tibet. You may come across several yak trains supplying goods to local villages. We can visit the nunnery and small pond. The mountain views in this area are beautiful. O/N at Lodge.

Day 11 : Explore around Mu Gompa (3700m)

Rest day at Mu Gompa. And you go for exploring around the local village and monastery. O/N at

Day 12 : Mu Gompa to Rachen Gompa (3240m) 6 hrs

Today the trail follows to Rachen Gompa, a nunnery. It is located in the Shiar Khola Valley in the foothills of the mountains bordering Nepal and Tibet. Rachen Gompa is one of the largest nunneries in Tsum Valley. The nunnery houses one thousand clay, molded statues of Avalokiteshwara, a brightly colored, craved throne and pillar and a large prayer wheel. The interior of this Gompa is richly painted with murals about Buddhism and its history. O/N at Lodge.

Day 13 : Rachen Gompa to Chumje (3230m) 5-6 hrs

The trek starts early in the morning. En-route cross Gho followed by Yaju and finally reaching Chumje. O/N at Lodge.

Day 14 : Chumje to Bihi (3130m) 4-5 hrs

The trail continues thru the northern route in the lower Tsum Valley then passes Dorjon Kharka village before reaching Rana. You will then cross the largest suspension bridge of the Manaslu Bud Gandaki River. After ascending will reach the village of Bihi. O/N at Lodge.

Day 15 : Bihi to Namrung (2540m) 6 hrs

After breakfast, the trek ascends up thru the forest witnessing scenic view of Manaslu along with other mountain ranges. Later on reach Namrung. O/N at Lodge.

Day 16 : Namrung to Lho (3180m) 4 hrs

The walk to Lho is easy hike. The trail ascends thru a forest to Lihi then descends to Lho. En-route enjoy good view of Ganesh Himal. Afterwards, ascend to our camp site. Lho is the one of the biggest villages in the upper valley. O/N at Lodge.

Day 17 : Lho to Samagaon (3530m) 5-6 hrs

This day is a pleasant walk thru a shady forest to Samagaon. The trail first ascends to Shyala village witnessing spectacular mountain views en-route. You can have great views of Himalchuli and Peak 29 towards the left, Manaslu in the front and other peaks to the right side. You will also spot good views of large glaciers. Trekking further will reach the village of Samagaon. It is mainly inhabited by Tibetans. There’s a monastery at Samagaon which is the religious centre for the locals. O/N at Lodge.

Day 18 : Rest Day at Samagoan (3530m)

Today is a rest day at Samagoan and explore the village, visiting the local monastery. O/N at Lodge.

Day 19 : Samagaon to Samdo (3860m) 4-5 hrs

The trail proceeds thru deserted and windy route to reach Samdo today. You will descend to Budi Gandaki and head north towards the Larkya La pass. This trail passes along several Mani Walls as the valley begins to widen up. The route then crosses thru Juniper & Birch forests of Kermo Kharka. After crossing a bridge over Budi Gandaki River and ascending steeply will arrive at Samdo. Samdo is quite closer to the Tibetan border where a Tibetan refugee camp is also located. Exotic views of Manaslu can be seen from Samdo. O/N at Lodge.

Day 20 : Samdo to Dharmashala 5-6 hrs

The trek today though exciting is strenuous at the same time. The excitement builds as you spot several mountain ranges like Himlung Himal (7126m.), Cheo Himal (6820m.), Gyaji Kung (7030m.), Kang guru (6981m.) & the Annapruna II (7937m.) This is the hardest route during this trek, and during winter the paths are icy and very difficult to climb or descend. Later on arrive at Dharmasala. O/N at Lodge.

Day 21 : Dharmashala to Bimthang (3890m) via Larkya La Pass (5213m)

This day involves trekking in different trails. After hiking for an hour, the trail requires crossing two Larkya La pass (5123m). You will hike along with utmost carefulness, and after slowly & steadily descending down will reach Bimthang. O/N at Lodge.

Day 22 : Bimthang to Dharapani (1860m) 6-7 hrs

After breakfast, descend down to Dharapani village. At first, the trail climbs down thru Burdin Khola and passes thru forest then ascends further thru a terraced field of Karche La. Karche La is the highest cultivating location in the valley. Then continue downstream following the Dudh Khola and reach Tilje village. The trail passes thru several villages including Thonje- where there’s a check-point. From Tilje, you will ascend for about an hour, crossing a bridge over Dudh Khola and finally reach the village of Dharapani. O/N at Lodge.

Day 23 : Drive Dharapani to Besisahar (1100m) 7 hrs

After breakfast, drive from Dharapani to Besisahar (jeep drive) which takes about 7 hours. O/N at Lodge.

Day 24 : Drive from Besisahar to Kathmandu (1330m) 7-8 hrs

You have completed your trek as you will have to be on the roadways towards the capital city, Kathmandu.  Within this seven-eight hours journey on a hairpin bended route, you can enjoy the twist and turns with views of amazing sceneries all along the way. By the time you reach Kathmandu, you will be left with some time to go around the streets of the capital city for shopping. The day will give you the last chance to add up to your shopping list O/N at Hotel.

Day 25 : Transfer to airport for your onward destination

As per your flight timings, you will be escorted by one of the representatives of Breakfree Adventures to the international terminal at the Tribhuvan International Airport approximately three hours before your flight schedule from your hotel in Kathmandu. A day to bid farewell to the glorious country situated in the South Asia. While waiting for your flight, you can make plans to venture other destinations of majestic country in near future.

We hope you had a lovely time with us. Breakfree Adventures would be obliged to be your travel partner during your next adventure in Nepal. Have a safe flight back home!

Useful Information
We will provide you with comprehensive information on the every trek and tour we arrange. Please do not hesitate to contact us if you require more information or have any questions, we are more than happy to assist you in anyway.

When to go:
Spring (February, March, April, May) and Autumn (October, November) are the best seasons for the Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking. Trekking in summer/monsoon (June, July) will be affected by rain but summer trek could be a boon for a keen botanist. The trekking routes are crowded during spring and autumn but during monsoon and winter the routes are not packed and you could enjoy rather best of nature.

Travel Insurance:
Travel insurance is highly recommended and is in fact compulsory should you be going trekking, rafting, paragliding etc. We require that, at a minimum, you are covered for personal injury, medical expenses, repatriation expenses, helicopter rescue, loss of luggage, etc. We strongly recommend that the policy also covers personal liability, cancellation, curtailment and loss of luggage and personal effects. Please check with your insurance company that adventure activities and trekking above 3000m are covered in your policy, as some companies do not cover such things. You must carry proof of insurance (e.g. your insurance certificate) with you on the holiday; if you cannot provide this at the start of the holiday, you will be required to take out a suitable policy at that time.

Meals and Accommodation:
In Kathmandu, we normally use 3 stars hotel with breakfast but can upgrade upon request. During the Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking, we provide the best available lodge which is called Tea house(lodge). Tea Houses are more like hotels, with hot showers, western food, and private rooms (twin sharing). Some guesthouses are basic with shared washing and toilet facilities. If you are travelling in a group, you will share a room with someone else of the same gender from your group. If you prefer a single room, you may indicate your preference on request and pay a supplement. Keep in mind that there are several places which do not allow single accommodations during peak season, but we will try our best to accommodate your preferences if possible. In this arrangement overnight halts with dinner and breakfast will be in Tea-houses (Lodges) and lunches in local restaurants en-route. Furthermore as you will be staying in locally owned lodges you will be benefiting and interacting with the local community. It will give you a true feel for the Nepalese people and their lives.

We provide quality food in sufficient quantities (breakfast, lunch and dinner) from guesthouses chosen from a menu. While Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking, your guide will help with menu selection and ensure that you get the best value meals possible. Although the food is usually plentiful and delicious, you should be aware that the menu is not normally extensive due to the extreme locations. Most teahouses offer a variety of rice and noodle dishes, as well as soup and seasonal vegetables. A variety of cereals, bread and egg dishes are generally available for breakfast. There will also be plenty of snacks available such as biscuits, chocolate and soft drinks and in some areas you will find fresh fruit in season. You can buy bottled mineral water from local lodges and shops en route or you can also ask your guide to fill your water bottle with boiled water and treat with water purification pills.

Fitness and Experience Required:
Our 25 days Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking is moderate to strenuous trek suitable for passionate walkers who have ability to walk at least 5-7 hours a day with a light day pack. Walking in higher altitude is physically demanding than walking in the lower altitudes; however, if you are in excellent health with average physical fitness and have positive attitude, self confidence and strong determination, you can accomplish the 25 days Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking successfully. Exercising and jogging regularly for some weeks prior of the trip are good idea to enhance your strength and stability. Past hiking experience would be an asset but no technical skill is required for this trip. Participants with pre-existing medical conditions such as heart, lung, and blood disease should inform us before booking the trek.

The Trekking Group:
For Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking, there will be one Guide, assistant Guide (6 trekkers: 1 assistant guide) and porter for luggage carrying (2 trekkers: 1 porter). This arrangement ensures that should anybody in the group is sick; the trip can still go ahead as planned. We can run the Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking for group of any size, but generally have a maximum of sixteen people, as we’ve found this to be the optimum size for a successful trip. However, if you’d like to make a group booking for more than twelve people together, we can arrange this too.

Trekking Guides and Staff:
The most significant thing that makes your Manaslu & Tsum Valley Trekking successful, enjoyable and memorable is the expert, experienced, courteous and helpful trek and Guide and the crew members who have ability of operating your days in the mountain smoothly. Your trip will be led by the best and most professional Guide. All of our Trekking Guides are carefully selected on the basis of their appropriate experience, Guiding skills and personal aptitude. With an objective of sustaining local communities Breakfree Adventures employs staffs who have plenty of knowledgeable about culture, flora and fauna, geography, and history of Nepal. Trekking Guide of Breakfree Adventures are also trained with following trainings to make them educated on potential medical issues during their trek, biodiversity and environmental issues, English language, etc:

  • Intensive Wilderness First Aid - KEEP (Kathmandu Environmental Educational Project)
  • Trekking Guide Training - Nepal Governments Ministry of Tourism & Civil Aviation department of Hotel Management and Tourism Training Centre of Nepal
  • Eco Trekking Workshop and Adventure Meet TAAN (Trekking Agents Association of Nepal)
  • English Language - KEEP (Kathmandu environment education project)
  • Conservation and Biodiversity TAAN
  • Rock, Ice Climbing and Mountaineering (Climbing leaders) Nepal Mountaineering Association

Our Trekking Guides obviously speak English sufficient enough to communicate but please consider this is not our mother language. The guides and porters know the routes and locality like the back of their hand, they practice the local culture themselves and they are extremely passionate about their country and its cultural aspects.

Climate and Weather:
The climate of Nepal is as varied as its geography. The low-lying Terai has a sub-tropical monsoonal climate. The Himalayan foothills, where most of our treks take place, are best in the cool dry season from September to May. The traditional trekking season in Nepal is late September to December, with October and November generally recognized as having the best weather. Spring is also a popular time of year with warmer weather and the advantage of seeing spring flowers and rhododendrons in bloom. The visibility is good and days are pleasantly warm, although nights can be cold, and snow is possible above 3,000 meters.

Himalayan weather can be unpredictable where nights are generally cooler and days warmer. It’s a bit colder during the winter season (Jan to Feb) but days can be quite warm and lovely if the sun is shining. You can expect a bit of snow in the months of January/February and December. Expect the unexpected! The temperature could be as high as 20 deg C to -15 deg C low.

Safety and Security:
Security and safety are a high priority of our company however there are risks associated with adventure travel, that you should consider before booking .Our trip operators constantly monitor their areas of operation and will cancel or re-route a trip if they feel a destination is unsafe. The decision to travel to a particular country or region is a personnel one.

Responsible Travel
Breakfree Adventures is a leading trekking and travel agency with dedicated travel Professionals who are well trained to give you the best of what Nepal has to offer. Our professional team follows a social philosophy that accepts responsibility for the local people and the environment in which we work. We respect the natural environment and the culture of our country, and we help travellers from around the world discover the natural beauty and cultural treasures of Nepal. We know that responsible travel tries to minimize the impact of tourism on the environment and maximize employment and income-generating opportunities for local communities. The whole of Nepal, including those living in remote rural areas that have very few other opportunities for development, benefits from sustainable tourism.

Breakfree Adventures is passionate about preserving the environment. As responsible tour guides in Nepal, we strive to maintain a symbiotic relationship with the local communities through which we travel. While trekking to different destinations, we choose environmentally- friendly lodges that respect the needs of their staff members. We take care of our staff as well as our valued clients. During our treks and other trips, we follow a zero garbage policy (“pack in, pack out”) and leave nothing behind in the campsites. We always welcome your feedback and comments regarding responsible travel, so please send an e-mail to let us know what you think.

Important Note

If the above itinerary does not meet your needs, we can design individualized travel plans based on your preferences.

Trip Facts

Destination: Nepal

Duration: 25 Day(s)

Trip Grade: Strenous

Activities: Cultural Sightseeing & Trekking

Best Season: Feb - May and Oct - Nov

Max Altitude: 5,213 meters (Larkya La Pass)

Daily walking: 5-7 hours each day

Transportation: Private vehicle

Meals: Breakfast in Kathmandu, Full board on trek

Accommodation: Hotel/Resort in Kathmandu, Lodge/Guest house during the trek

Trip Type: Lodge to Lodge Trek

Starts/Ends:: Arughat/Besisahar

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