Nepal has a long and glorious history of existence. Many dynasty and rulers have ruled in Nepal during the early centuries. It is believed that the Kiratis arrived in the 7th or 8th century from the east and started to settle in Nepal. The Buddhist mythology suggests that Buddha and his disciple came to Kathmandu and stayed in Patan. Hinduism started to flourish as Lichhavis came to Nepal and overthrew the Kirati King. During the Lichhavi era the Hindu caste system was introduced. Traditional arts and architecture began to enrich and many temples, idols and statues were constructed during the Lichhavi dynasty. The documented history of Nepal begins with the Changu Narayan temple inscription of King Manadeva of the Lichhavi Dynasty.
The Lichhavis are believed to have migrated to Nepal from North India around 250 AD. Mandeva-1 is believed to the first king of this dynasty. Anshuverma is another notable king from Lichhavi era who opened trade route to Tibet. There was a radical development in Nepalese art and culture during the Lichhavi regime. Bhrikuti; the daughter of king Anshuverma was married to Tibetan ruler Tsrong-Tsong-Gampo who played an influential role in spreading Buddhism in Tibet and China. The Lichhavi dynasty ruled for a period of 630 years and Jayakamadeva was the last king of this dynasty. With the fall of Lichhavis the Malla dynasty came to the power. Ari Malla is believed to be the first king of Malla Dynasty. The Malla dynasty equally contributed in the development of Nepalese art, architecture and tradition. Nepal was then subdivided into many small states and were ruled by different kings.
King Prithvi Narayan Shah laid the foundation for the unification of Nepal. The unification process was started from Gorkha. King Prithvi Narayan Shah with this troops and aides conquered many smaller states before finally conquering Kathmandu.? During the 19th century Nepal entered into a political turmoil due to the Rana regime. Jung Bahadur was the supreme leader of the Rana regime and he had taken over shah dynasty under his control. He became the prime minster of Nepal after the assassination of many political figures in a political gathering (the assassination is known as Kot Parva). The then king was made a nominal figure and all power was vested in the hands of the Ranas. The political revolution led the Rana regime to step down and B. P Koirala was elected as the first elected prime minister of Nepal. With the fall of the Rana regime Nepal entered into a new age. The country then paved its way towards prosperity and development. The parliamentary system was introduced in Nepal and Nepal started to practice democratic rules and values.
After the death of King Mahendra, King Birendra was crowned as King of Nepal in 1975. The young King Birendra exercised strong control over the government which caused the political turmoil in the country. The anti-monarchist sentiments began to awaken in late 1970 and a strong demonstration made the king to step down and he later relaxed his control over the government and the parliament. The pro royalist Panchayat system was restored in the country in 1980. The people of Nepal then voiced against the Panchayat system, demonstration and riots took place as a result of which new constitution was adopted with a provision to practice multi-party democracy. The general election held in 1991 made Nepali Congress as a largest party and the majority government was formed under the premiership of Girija Prasad Koirala. In the year 1994 Koirala resigned and the king dissolved the parliament and the election was held. Nepali Communist party (United Marxist-Leninist) won the majority seats and the government was formed under the premiership of Man Mohan Adhikari. Mr. Adhikari resigned on a corruption row nine month after he was sworn in as a prime minister. The communist government was dissolved by the parliament and Sher Bahadur Deuba was sworn in as a prime minister. A new communist revolutionary party called Nepal Communist Party-Maoist announced peoples revolution in late 1996. The prime agenda of Maoist party was to oust the government and abolish monarchy in the country. The peoples war led by Maoist party was getting more intense and many people lost their life during the insurgency. No stable government was formed during the transition.
In early June 2001 King Birendra with other member of Royal family including queen Aishworya was assassinated. The report prepared by the high level commission to investigate the royal massacre showed that the then Crown Prince Dipendra brutally shot the King and other royal members before finally shorting himself. Dipendra initially survived his gunshot wounds in a coma. His subsequent death officially made his uncle Gyanendra the new King of Nepal. The Maoists intensified their revolution following the massacre that took lives of many civilians and security personnel. King Gyanendra dissolved the parliament and formed the government with his aides and assumed all political power. A new revolution let the king to step down and the parliament declared the country federal republic overthrowing the king. The revolutionary Maoist party later renounced violence and joined the main stream politics. Mr. Ram Baran Yadav was sworn in as the first president of the country. Nepal has gone through many political changes in the history.
Was traveling with a friend through India and Nepal, my one "must do" in Nepal was to see Mount Everest. Didn't have enough time to do the trek and the flight around the Himalayas seemed lame. We found the option to have a freaking helicopter take us up into…Read More